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Copper OAuth2.0 Flow

1. Introduction

Third-party integrations may take advantage of OAuth 2.0 for the purpose of authorizing and authenticating access to the Copper Developer API. Employing the widely used Authorization Code Grant flow, Copper ensures a seamless and quick authentication process. This approach is particularly well-suited for integrations that cater to existing Copper customers, facilitating the establishment of a robust and secure connection between the integration and Copper.

1.1 Prerequisites

  • Your application provides an HTTPS callback endpoint capable of receiving POST requests
  • You have registered your application and received your client_id and client_secret credentials

1.2 The Authorization Flow

The authorization code grant flow involves the following steps:

  1. Authorization Request: The application initiates the flow by redirecting the user to the authorization server's authorization endpoint.
  2. User Authentication: The user logs in and grants permission to the application.
  3. Authorization Grant: The authorization server provides an authorization code to the application.
  4. Token Request: The application exchanges the authorization code for an access token from the token endpoint.
  5. Access Protected Resources: The application uses the access token to access the protected resources on behalf of the user.

1.3 Sequence Diagram

Sequence Diagram

2. Flow Steps

2.1 Authorization Request

Endpoint: GET https://app.copper.com/oauth/authorize

Redirect the user to this endpoint to initiate the OAuth2.0 authorization flow.

GET https://app.copper.com/oauth/authorize&response_type=code&client_id={client_id}&redirect_uri={redirect_uri}&scope={scope}&state={state}
Parameter Description
response_type Must be "code"
client_id Your client_id
redirect_uri Your redirect_uri
scope Requested access scope. Must be "developer/v1/all"
state (optional) Any user-defined metadata to forward to the callback

Please note that the parameters must be form-encoded (application/x-www-form-urlencoded), similar to how they would appear in an HTML <form> element

2.2 User Authentication

At this stage, the user will be prompted to login to their Copper account. If the user is already logged in, this step is skipped.

2.3 Authorization Grant

Upon logging in successfully, the user is presented with an authorization screen displaying your app's name and requested permissions. The user can grant or deny access by clicking 'Authorize' or 'Deny.' Afterward, the user is redirected to your app's redirect_uri via a POST request.

If the authorization was successful, the payload includes a code parameter indicating the authorization code. In case of denial or errors, the payload contains an error parameter.

Parameter Description Notes
code The authorization code Only present on success
error Error code Only present on failure. See Common OAuth2.0 errors

2.4 Token Request

Endpoint: POST https://app.copper.com/oauth/token

After successfully acquiring an authorization code in the previous step, you may proceed to exchange it for an access token. This access token provides your application with access to the Developer API. Once you have obtained the access token, you may discard code.

curl -X POST \
        -H "Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded" \
        -d "grant_type=authorization_code" \
        -d "code={code}" \
        -d "redirect_uri={redirect_uri}" \
        -d "client_id={client_id}" \
        -d "client_secret={client_secret}" \
        https://app.copper.com/oauth/token
{
    "access_token": "MTQ0NjJkZmQ5OTM2NDE1ZTZjNGZmZjI3",
    "token_type": "Bearer",
    "scope": "developer/v1/all"
}

Request parameters

Parameter Description
grant_type Must be "authorization_code"
code Your code from the previous step
redirect_uri Your redirect_uri
client_id Your client_id
client_secret Your client_secret

Response parameters

Parameter Description
access_token The access token
token_type Always "Bearer"
scope The scope granted to the token

Please note that the parameters must be form-encoded (application/x-www-form-urlencoded), similar to how they would appear in an HTML <form> element

2.5 Access Protected Resources

Once you have successfully obtained a valid access_token in the previous step, you can start accessing the Copper Developer API endpoints. To do so, you simply include the access_token in the Authorization header of your requests.

For example, to fetch the Copper account details of the authenticated user:

curl -H "Authorization: Bearer {access_token}" \
    https://api.copper.com/developer_api/v1/account
{
    "id": 123,
    "name": "Company Name",
    "primary_timezone": "America/New_York",
    "settings": {
        "setting_team_permissions_enabled": true,
        "setting_enable_leads": true
    }
}